I was lucky enough to be born, raised and educated in what was once the greatest nation of Liberty, Rights and Freedoms in recorded history.  But we've allowed this nation to drift toward certain failure and destruction and now face the first generation that will be much worse off than the previous in all areas due to the constantly increasing intrusion by government on all levels.  Our Federal Government is eroding our core values as a nation constantly expanding their power robbing the States of sovereignty and the people of Liberty.  Out of control spending, increased regulation, corruption, over taxation, the Federal Reserve, the EPA and on it spirals with no end in sight, except for the collapse that is certain unless drastic changes are made very quickly.  The running theme throughout Common Sense II: The Liberty Pledge is one of revolution.  Not the bullets flying, people dying kind of revolution you might imagine (or even wish for if you are convinced that is the only way to "fix" things).  The Revolution I propose has already begun.  The Revolution I propose is constitutional.  All that is missing for this revolution to succeed is your participation.  Our Constitution is not old, outdated, no longer relevant, furthermore it has not abandoned us, it is we that have set the Constitution aside.  We the People have allowed all that has fallen on us from government.  Are you ready to change that?  Do you have the WILL to help make the changes?


Federal Government Control, The ROOT of All Evil!!!

                Our Federal Government was NEVER meant to be the "end all, cure all" final authority over the lives of its citizens or of private enterprise.  In fact, the opposite is true.  The Federal Government, under our Constitution, has very LIMITED powers.  Does it feel to you, right now, today, that the Federal Government affects your life, or business in anything close to a barely intrusive way?  Do you feel that the Federal Government operates in a fair or efficient manner?  Does its assumed control over a problem fix or improve the problem?  Is a big centralized, powerful Federal Government helpful or harmful?

                Ronald Reagan once said that the most feared words in the English language should be, "I'm from the Government, and I'm here to HELP you". Let's also not forget:  I Love You and The Check is in The Mail, which rounds out the three biggest lies in the world.   There is only ONE branch of the Federal Government that has NEVER, EVER, EVER, EVER let We the People down.  The Military.  When facing an enemy, and given little interference from politicians, the United States Military has done its job, time and time again to protect this nation and freedom EVERYTIME they have been called on to do so.  How has the military been paid for their efforts?  The Veterans Administration, another feather in the hatband of the Federal Government and a PERFECT example of government good intentions failed miserably.

                Andrew Wilkow coined a phrase that he uses often on his Wilkow Majority SirusXM Patriot Channel 125 talk show.  "Government can't do God's work".  Sometimes he extends the saying with "and they shouldn't try".  But we continue to allow them to try.  They fail and we re-elect them.  Madness.  Our Federal Government does only ONE thing well; it self-perpetuates and grows larger only to the benefit of those IN government, seldom if ever to the benefit of the people.


How We Got Here

                I am not sure exactly when I first became aware, then alarmed, at the condition, status and direction of our nation.  My astonishment nearly left me unable to act or respond.  I was overwhelmed as I allowed myself to fully accept the waste, corruption and abuses of power that seemed to just "spring-up" from all sides around me.  The first question I asked was:  when did it happen?  Then:  how did it happen?  I also spent time in denial thinking; it is impossible for it to have happened in America.  I went through several stages of disbelief, shock then quickly moved to anger, then just as quickly to confusion and despair.  Too much was wrong, the problems seemed overwhelming, no solutions seemed possible.  Have you experienced the same emotions?  Or are you just now becoming awake to the truth?  The United States of America exists in name only, every basic founding principle, right and liberty has been corrupted, damaged or taken from us. 

                I suppose we should have expected it.  Why would any of us think that history can be ignored?  The only way to keep from repeating the same mistakes is to study and then learn from history.  So, what does history tell us?  History tells us that most civilizations have a life span of about 200 years before they implode from the inside.  Once again American exceptionalism shows in our very age as a nation, it is a testament to the strength of our Constitution supplied by our genius founders.  The Constitution, while not perfect is not badly flawed; it is men that are flawed.  The founders knew the weakness, evil and greed of men and feared those traits where it concerned establishing a centralized government.  They agonized over the delicate checks and balances outlined in the Constitution and for over 150 years the United States of America grew and prospered due to limited federal government.  Two of the framers, James Madison active in the creation and Thomas Jefferson whose influence is evident, reflected on the Constitution in their later years and came to the conclusion that "they", the collective body of men responsible for writing the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, hadn't put enough specific language in the documents to ensure protection of the People against a Federal Government that could grow too large, too powerful, with the potential to rain tyranny down on the citizens.  Jefferson and Madison were troubled by this but agreed on two things:  1)"they" had done their best, 2) the People could be trusted to rise up and put things right.  But we haven't done that yet, have we?  Have we waited until it is too late to act? 

                We must pay homage to our Founders because the grand experiment of establishing, for the first time in world history, a Constitutional republic for self-governance, of the people, by the people for the people; produced the greatest nation the world has ever seen.  The recognition of certain rights, granted by God, were the foundation of this experiment.  By letting the principles of liberty, freedom, personal responsibility be combined with a free market, hard work, very few regulations or government restrictions that could limit personal growth, what was unleashed and established, not just for an elite few, but for any dedicated individual, was untold growth and prosperity as individuals, and as a nation.  So what has happened to the USA that was the greatest nation ever established in world history?  We the people allowed our federal government to get out of control.  We forgot that our rights, freedom and liberty need vigilant watching and protection by us, the people.   Being a citizen is not a spectator sport.  We elected and put our trust in our representatives; our trust has been betrayed.  We The People forgot to pay attention, we trusted without verification.  In essence we betrayed ourselves.

                This has happened slowly over the last 100 years.  In the last 20 years the process of destroying this nation has been accelerated with the killing blows coming faster and faster with each blow stronger than the last.  Our current administration is the most lawless in history.  But the source of our troubles is much deeper than this current gang of self-serving thieves in Washington, DC.  The biggest threat to our continued existence as a nation is that so few of us are aware of the extent of the problems that have been created.  Not enough of us are aware and understand that drastic measures must be taken to SAVE our nation.  A further complication is the widespread apathy that knows no bounds within our uneducated (to the problems), misinformed fellow citizens. It is my hope that this writing will help raise awareness not just of the problems, but also the steps I believe we must take to restore our Constitutional Republic, before it is lost forever.


"These are the times that try men's souls . . ."  Thomas Paine wrote these words before the American Revolution to describe the tension between King George and the American colonies.  Thomas Paine was a blogger long before that descriptive term existed; without Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and other 21st Century information services, his words spread more slowly.  It is important to realize that his words didn't have to compete against a tidal wave of data being blasted out for public consumption by the minute, 24 hours a day, so maybe not much is different even with new technology.

King George and the British Parliament overloaded the colonies with taxation while offering no direct representation.  Other tyranny suffered by the colonists included:  mandated purchases that were taxed; no-knock warrant searches called Writs of Assistance designed to see if in fact the colonist were purchasing the mandated items; British soldiers as uninvited, unwelcomed house guests (if I'm not mistaken you had to feed them as well); trial and punishment was conducted in Quebec, Canada, not in the colonies or even Great Britain (you see Quebec law didn't offer certain protections under French law).  There was more abuse against the colonies, so the American Revolution was NOT about tea or a tax on tea.  Do any of these abuses of power sound familiar to citizens of the USA in 2016?  They should.  But to draw a fair comparison, our Federal Government over the last several decades and especially the last 15 years, have made King George and Parliament look like a bunch of beginners.  That "cliff" our nation is supposed to fall off of?  As a nation that "cliff" is above us and behind us, we are in free fall and rock bottom is being approached with great quickness, the crash likely fatal.  But we can survive and reverse our fall.

                How far have we allowed our Government to stray from the Constitution?  When did the Liberty train jump the track?  When was the power taken from the People and why did We allow it? 

                In 2016 we swim in an ocean of information, almost any fact, any quote, any formula, any recipe, any report, any step-by-step instruction, medical facts, crucially important information (or mundane nonsense) is just a Google search away and viewable in seconds.  We swim in an ocean of vast proportions filled to overflowing with information while we drown in our ignorance.

                Let me check your Liberty IQ.  Is the Constitution of the United States of America written in 1787, ratified in 1788, the Supreme Law of the Land?  Was the Constitution written to limit the Rights of the People and of the States?  Since the Constitution set up the US Federal Government, did it make the Federal Government the ultimate rule maker and enforcer, ruling like a King and His Royal Court over the States and the People?  Is the answer to all of these questions yes?  

                Answering honestly using our present circumstances as a reference, it seems that today the answer to all the above questions I asked would in fact have to be yes.  The answers should be yes to only the first question, no to the next two.  Ever wonder what happened to the original vision for this nation?  Does our Constitutional Republic exist today?  NO is the truth; the complete truth is that it exists only on paper.  What percentage of the population would you estimate is aware of how out of control our Government is from the top offices in Washington DC, down to your local government?  Maybe the better question is how many people even care, or even if they care, don't have the first clue how to change it back to how it was intended to be?

                Our Constitution is a document that SCREAMS NO!  But the screams are not directed to the States or to the People.  The Constitution not only formed the Federal Government, it bound and restricted the Federal Government to very narrow and limited purposes.  At least that was the intent of the Founders.  However, almost from the beginning, the greed for power, to have it, increase and keep it, caused those that were supposed to be "of-service" to instead line their own pockets or do political favors for personal gain.  Ah, such is the sinful nature of men when left unchecked, unsupervised and with no punishment likely should their motives even be questioned. 

                Today corruption in government is legal.  There are no laws saying that big banks, big pharma, big oil and a long list of other corporate interests can't donate heavily to Senator and Representative campaign funds or even promise them high paying cushy jobs once their government service is over in exchange for favorable legislation.  We now have the best government that money can buy!  Do you wonder who our legislators really listen to for input on legislation, it's not We The People.  The website has a very educational video that I draw this information from (you should visit their site).  According to Represent.US; historically, if the people have an issue we strongly support there is a 30% chance it will be addressed with legislation favorable to us.  In the reverse, if the people strongly oppose legislation there is a 30% chance Congress will shove the bill down our throats anyway.  On the other hand, if any or several Big Money Corporate interests line the pockets of our noble elected representatives for protective or special legislation there is an almost 100% chance of it becoming law (here's the kicker) NO MATTER WHAT THE PEOPLE THAT ELECTED THEM WANT!  So who do our elected officials serve?  Until corruption is outlawed, corruption is business as usual on Capitol Hill.  What chance do you think there is of Congress outlawing corruption?  How about 0.00%!  Oh, and if Big Money doesn't want particular legislation that could harm them passed?  You guessed it, the bill never makes it out of committee for even a vote, no matter if the bill was supported by the people.

                So, you ask, what do we do?  Here is a list of possibilities:  we can vote them out of office eventually, maybe; or we can use Article V for a Convention of States to amend the Constitution for term limits, balanced budget, repeal of the 16th and 17th Amendments etc.  The problem with these solutions is that they take years we don't have and there is no guarantee they would work.  I reference and her 3 part podcasts on Article V and nullification.  In essence Congress has decided that they have the power to set the rules and procedures for any potential Article V Convention of the States, called by State Legislators.  It doesn't matter to Congress that their plan completely ignores the original intent for the second half of Article V, Congress has taken action to ensure that only They control the Amendment process.  The long hard efforts of all the various Article V projects are doomed before they even get started.  That information crushed me.  For over 10 years I believed in and pushed hard for an Article V COS.  When the COS Project was formed in 2013 I was their Grassroots Ambassador.  I resigned over differences of opinions but continued to be very vocal in my support of the Project.  One of my nicknames was Mr. Article V. . .oh well, you win some, you lose some and some you are screwed out of completely.  But that didn't stop me from thinking about other options to save our Republic.  With the help of some very brilliant people, we formed the Liberty Restoration Committee; what follows is The Plan to Restore our Constitutional Republic to its Original Intent.

                The Liberty Restoration Committee did not want to try to re-invent the wheel; but did realize that BOLD ACTION was necessary.  So we got busy creating two historic documents, based on the genus of our Founding Fathers.  Here are the documents.  We The People have LOTS of work to do! 

Declaration of Intent

Action of the Liberty Restoration Committee

Drawing their authority from the People of the United States of America


The People having long suffered from an over-reaching, intrusive and abusive Federal Government that, in our opinion, has/is constantly outside the framework and original intent of The Constitution of the United States; find it necessary for the People to take serious action with the intent of proving to those that rain tyranny down upon us, that these abuses will no longer be tolerated.  It now becomes necessary for the People to demand that the individual Sovereign States dissolve the original Union the States created and form a restricted restored Government.

The People continue to believe and hold these truths self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. To secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among men, said Government to derive its just power from the consent of the governed.  Whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive towards the unalienable Rights, the People have the Right to alter or abolish it and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their Safety and Happiness.  Prudence dictates that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes, and accordingly all experience has shown that men are more likely to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to rise up and right the situation by making sweeping changes to the Government to which they are long accustomed.  However, when a long list of abuses continues to become longer, with serious implications and burdens being placed on even generations yet unborn, with absolute Despotism and Tyranny coming from the Government sworn to protect and uphold the Liberty and Rights of the People, it is the Right and Duty of the People to throw off such a Government and provide new Guards for their future security.  Such is the suffering of the People that drives them to this end; to withdraw their consent from those presently in power and demand the dissolving of the current Government and submit to the several State Legislative bodies for ratification the Constitution of the United States 2.0 revised.

Let us provide evidence of unjustness, over-reach, unconstitutionality, waste, fraud and abuse the People have suffered under the Constitutional Republic created to protect and secure our Rights:

In its recklessness our Federal Government has indebted this nation in excess of Nineteen Trillion Dollars and continues to spend and print money driving the value of our currency down while causing inflation to rise making our poorest citizen’s suffering increase.  Instead of instituting workable solutions to this problem and slashing spending, our representatives increase the debt limit and spend more, creating the current situation of unfunded liabilities totaling more than an estimated One Hundred Twenty Trillion to as high as Two Hundred Trillion Dollars; or more money than exists on the entire planet in every form of currency.  This one example of an out-of-control Government  is cause enough to justify the Actions the People propose. 


In general terms the Federal Government operates beyond its authority while falling far short of its obligations to the People.  Our borders are not secure; lawbreakers crossing are given benefits instead of being punished by existing laws against them.  Citizens are prosecuted, fined and/or jailed for attempting to break or ignore laws; this is not equal protection under the law.  Our Government has devalued our standing by allowing lawbreaking illegal aliens to not only remain in our country, shortening our supply of jobs, but due to their policies, further burden our limited revenue resources with Federal giveaway programs and services to non-citizen lawbreakers while American Veteran Heroes die for shortage of staff, services and funding. This is not moral or just, it is unforgiveable. 

It is the committee's opinion that as long as there is a single homeless citizen, child or veteran in this nation, there is no room for refugees.  Recent administrations have on several occasions given liberty and released violent felons into our population instead of keeping them imprisoned or deporting them; this is a direct risk to the safety, property and lives of citizens.

It has long been established that the Federal Government manages nothing as resourcefully or efficiently as the private sector. So why has the Government continued to expand its size, reach and authority over private business through the creation of unconstitutional agencies that create regulations that are in essence, unconstitutional laws, and then prosecute "violators" in a stacked, corrupt system of courts, organized, created and managed by the unconstitutional agencies themselves? This is tyranny and theft. 

These regulations are implemented under the guise of public safety, environmental safety and/or national security, when in reality, this enforcement has caused the bankruptcy of major businesses and in some instances ended entire industries, forcing unemployment and hardship on men and their families while increasing the cost of basic services such as electricity in the case of EPA regulations on coal-fired power plants.  The harm dealt out by these Government agencies for “greater good” is an overreach to obtain more control and more power when the reality is the People’s Liberty is decreased with every new regulation and its enforcement. 

Further evidence of overreach can be found in the many and frequent violations by this Government of the Constitutional Boundaries in the IX and X Amendments to our Constitution whereas the existence of federal agencies has robbed the States and the People of Rights pertaining to education, abortion, land ownership, health, insurance, environment, marriage and property among them. 

Our Federal Government has run amuck and ignored the boundaries and limits placed upon it, so it follows that the People must institute even stronger rules to restrict Government overreach by providing for stronger State Governments and to limit the terms of service to all branches of Federal Government and take measures necessary to abolish all current unlawful agencies that currently number over 600 and return that authority back to the States and to the People.

The People have too late realized their own folly by allowing the Federal Government to reach this extent of abuse of the original intent in our Constitution.  Our Federal Government was created to represent the Sovereign States in international matters of War, Peace, Treaties and Trade Agreements as well as Secure our Borders and provide for the Common Defense; its focus was to be outward, not inward ruling over and regulating the States and the People. 

In 1868, using misleading language designed to deceive; the unlawfully ratified 14th Amendment to the Constitution caused all people to enter into voluntary servitude to the Federal Government.  This single act of deception allowed the Federal Government to depart from the original intent of the Constitution creating the pathway to regulating the States and the People.  It falls to the People to correct the establishment of fictional law and restore our Constitutional Republic; putting an end to the criminal acts of the Federal Government against the People.  The Federal Government has lost its way and is interested not in protecting the Rights of the People, but seeks complete control over us.  This will be reversed.

The People believe our nation’s circumstance so dire as to force us into this bold action.  The People have lost faith in our current corrupt system to the point of demanding a reset to a fresh beginning.  It is the intent of The People, acting through our several State Legislative Bodies to dissolve our current Federal Government and create a restricted restored Government, releasing us from voluntary servitude while rendering null and void all previous Federal Laws, Supreme Court Decisions, certain Treaties and Trade Agreements, while ridding us of all unconstitutional Federal Agencies and their regulations; restoring the Sovereignty of the States and of the People.  While the People realize that this action alone will not solve all the problems We inherit, this action will create a structure where workable solutions can be found.  In support of this Declaration, We The People, electronically signed below, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our resources and our sacred Honor as we jointly withdraw our consent from our current Federal Government in this Action to Restore Our Constitutional Republic to its Original Intent.

This Declaration of Intent was written in plain American English with all wording being defined using the simplest definition.


What’s the Plan?

The second document is longer and more detailed.  The concept is simple, We The People, acting through our State Legislatures, are asking that the current Federal Government be dissolved and a new Government formed using the same method our nation used to go from the Articles of Confederation to The Constitution of the United States of America.

All those studying this Action, please note that the People’s Constitution for America contains all the original intent of the authors of our present Constitution with additions to ensure the continuation of the republican form of Government and restrictions put on the proposed Federal Government to insure its compliance with same.  Additions/Deletions to our present Constitution contained within the People’s Constitution for America include:

1)            No language from the XVI Amendment that opened the door for the Federal Government to start regulating the States, and reaching through the level of protection of State Government, taxing and regulating the People;  or the XVII Amendment so that we return to the original intent of having the Senators selected by their State Legislative bodies to represent the State’s interest at the Federal Level;  was included, further language added to completely restrict the Federal Government from the power of taxation, borrowing of money or ability to run a deficit in the budget.  All funding of the Federal Government will come from the States, the budget must be prepared in advance and must balance.  The only exception of these restrictions will be under an active Act of War, this temporary privilege is limited and will be regulated by the State Legislative bodies through the Senate.     

2)            Term Limits for House and Senate Members as follows:  four two year terms for House Members, eight-years maximum service in the House or maximum service in the legislative branch not to exceed twelve-years.  Senators will be limited to two four-year terms, eight-years maximum service in the Senate or maximum service in the legislative branch not to exceed twelve-years.  The States will replace one Senator every two years.  House and Senate Members will no longer draw salaries from the Federal Budget but instead be paid by the States they represent, furthermore their compensation is between the individual Representative or Senator and their State, no standard exists for their compensation and said Legislators shall not be able to vote themselves a compensation package.  It is up to their employers, the States.

3)            All new bills proposed to become law must be single issue in content.  The People will no longer tolerate bills that are thousands of pages in length packed with unrelated items with the attempt to hide wasteful corruption.  Bills will pass or fail on their own merit.  The legislative membership shall not exempt themselves from any law they pass.

4)            American English as our National Language, all Government documents must be in English and only English.  To achieve naturalization candidates must demonstrate the ability to read, speak, converse and write English.

5)            The nine Supreme Court Justices will be elected and all Justices restricted to six-year terms, maximum of twelve-years on the bench.  Five will be elected by the House of Representatives and placed in service on that authority alone.  Two will be elected by the Senate, but require a simple majority of House approval.  Two will be appointed by the Executive Branch but must achieve a simple majority of both the House and the Senate.  Three Justices will be replaced or re-elected every three years meaning, of the first nine Justices, three will be able to serve only two years before being subject to re-election or replacement, three Justices will be able to serve only four years before being subject to re-election or replacement and three Justices will be able to serve a full term of six years before being subject to re-election or replacement.  The cycle will then be repeated every two years.  The Supreme Court shall not legislate from the bench, adding to or taking away from any law, treaty or trade agreement; their task is to rule if an issue brought before them is or is not Constitutional; as well as settle disputes between two States or several States.

6)            Countermand language has been included whereas thirty-four State Legislative bodies can nullify any Federal law and/or reverse any Supreme Court decision.

7)            Any State Legislative body, by two-thirds majority of its members, can propose an Amendment to the People’s Constitution for America and circulate it among the States seeking ratification, as can a two-thirds majority of the Federal Legislature, the level of approval for ratification is three-fourths of the State Legislative bodies.

8)            Ratification of the People’s Constitution for America will be achieved when two-thirds of the State Legislators vote to adopt it. Ratifying this compact will accomplish several things including:

                A)  Starting over from day one, with all unconstitutional Federal Agencies and their regulations rendered null and void;

                B)  All persons holding Federal Office will be removed from office, to be replaced through election process;

                C)  All previous Federal Law and Supreme Court decisions are rendered null and void;

                D)  Treaties with Native American Indian Tribes will be left intact, all other treaties must be reviewed within two years by Congress and reaffirmed or canceled if not in the interest of the People;

                E)  All Trade Agreements made after 1991 to present date are rendered null and void subject to renegotiation or replacement

9)            No language from the XVIII Amendment that created prohibition nor from the XXI Amendment that repealed prohibition was included in the People’s Constitution for America.  The eighteenth and twenty-first Amendments listed as omitted are a part of American History, but have no place in the fresh, whole compact the People’s Constitution for America represents.


Please understand that during the transition, all Fifty Sovereign State Governments and State Laws will exist and not be affected by this change, all existing debt and obligations will be assumed.  Yes, the checks will arrive and the EBT cards will be filled until better opportunities exist to reduce the dependency on these programs.



The Constitution of the United States 2.0 revised

WE THE PEOPLE of the several States, in Order to re-establish Our Union, provide equal Justice for all, promote the general Welfare, secure our Borders, provide for the Defense of our Nation, end the Tyranny from our previous Government and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and Generations Yet Unborn, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States 2.0 revised.  All of the Original Intent of the authors of our previous Constitutional Compact is brought into this document and is in evidence throughout this new Constitutional Compact.

Article I (Article 1 - Bill of Rights)

1          Freedom of expression and religion                                                               Amendment 1

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

2          Bearing Arms                                                                                                  Amendment 2

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

3          Quartering Soldiers                                                                                        Amendment 3

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.




 4         Search and Seizure                                                                                          Amendment 4

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

5          Rights of Human Beings                                                                                Amendment 5

No human being  shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

6          Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions                                                    Amendment 6

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

7          Civil Trials                                                                                                       Amendment 7

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States; than according to the rules of natural or common law.

8          Further Guarantees in Criminal Cases                                                            Amendment 8

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted; furthermore, any jury empanelled shall receive instructions and a complete explanation of the process of jury nullification.




9          Rights of Human Beings to Elect                                              Amendment 15, 19, 24, 26

The right of human beings of the several States, who are 18 years of age or older, to participate in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the Federal Government or by any State on account of age, race, color, sex or failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

10        Rights Guaranteed: Privileges and Immunities, Due Process, and Equal Protection                                                                                                                     Modified Parts of Amendment 14

All human beings born or naturalized in any of the several States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are Nationals of the State wherein they live. No State or Federal Government shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the Rights of said Nationals; nor shall any State or Federal Government deprive any human being of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any National within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

11        Un-enumerated Rights                                                                                    Amendment 9

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

12        Reserved Powers                                                                                           Amendment 10

The powers not delegated to the Federal Government by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.  The rights of the people, listed or implied, shall not be infringed in any manner for any reason, including any attempts to enact laws contrary to this Constitution or attempts to expand the delegated authority of the Federal Government through the creation of Federal Agencies.  Any further expansion of the Federal Government can only be made by Amending this Constitution using the method described in Article VI.  This language will not restrict the House or Senate from the formation of Committees and sub-committees as those members deem necessary to carry out their duties.





ARTICLE II. (Article 2 - Legislative)                                                                             Article 1

SECTION 1.  - Congress

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

SECTION 2.  -  The House of Representatives

1          Congressional Districting

The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.  

2          Qualification of Members of Congress

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five Years, and been seven Years a legal National of one of the several States of the Union, and who shall, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.   All Representatives will be limited to a maximum of four two-year terms in the House, but may serve any combination of a maximum of twelve years in the Legislative Branch.

3          Apportionment of Seats in the House                                                

Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. 

The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the New Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. 

The Number of Representatives shall be equal to one for every two hundred and fifty thousand persons up to three hundred and seventy-four thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine persons, after which, another Representative shall be elected; but each State shall have at least two Representatives.  Representatives to each subsequent Congress shall be elected by districts composed of a contiguous and compact territory, and containing as nearly as practicable an equal number of inhabitants. Each State shall set the boundary of the districts. No district may elect more than one Representative.  When Congress is in session, one-third of the Representatives of each state is required to be in attendance; that third, to be rotated by the States.  The other two-thirds are recommended to remain in their districts and may vote electronically.

4          Vacancies

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

5          Officers and Power of Impeachment

The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker who shall not be an active member of the house, but his term limits shall be the same as if he were an elected house member.  Compensation to the Speaker will be shared by all of the several States according to their apportioned population.  The House of Representative shall also choose other Officers and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

SECTION 3.  - The Senate

1          Composition and Selection

The Senate of the Federal Government shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for four Years, maximum of two terms; or any combination of service in the Legislative Branch not to exceed twelve Years total; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

2          Classes of Senators

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into two Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year so that one half may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.

3           Qualifications

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine years a National of the several States, and who shall, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the Federal Government, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof.

4           The Vice President

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

5           Officers

The Senate shall choose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

6          Trial of Impeachment

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

7          Judgments on Impeachment

 Judgment in Cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the Federal Government; but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.



SECTION 4  - Elections

1           Congressional Power to Regulate

The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed by Congress to insure a coordinated election, except as to the Places of choosing Senators which will be each individual State Capitol.




2          Terms of President, Vice President, Members of Congress                          Amendment 20

The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.       

3          Time of Assembling                                                                            2       Amendment 20

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.


SECTION 5  - Powers and Duties of the House

1          Power to Judge Elections

Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.

2          Rules of Proceedings

Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behavior, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.

3          Duty to Keep a Journal

Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy only if valid for National Security; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall be entered on the Journal.  The records into the Journal shall be an accurate recording and shall not be subject to edit or change to alter what was or was not said by each Member.  Each Member is required to register their every vote either in support or opposition and will not be allowed to respond “present” or in any way attempt to avoid their responsibilities to those they represent.




4          Adjournments

Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.


SECTION 6  - Rights and Disabilities of Members

1          Compensation and Immunities                                                                      Amendment 27

The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services paid by the State they represent.  All compensation matters are left to the Individual States.  They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.

2          Disabilities

No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the Federal Government, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office; furthermore, no Member can hold active membership in any BAR Association.

SECTION 7  - Legislative Process

1          All Bills, Revenue Bills and Matters of Budget

All Bills shall originate in the House of Representatives; these Bills to be single issue in content, written in plain English with the intent of the proposed law clearly stated as to not require interpretation, but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.  All Federal Government budgets must be prepared in advance and shall balance, no deficit spending is allowed; budgets will contain several and numerous items but are not required to be approved by the Senate or President, the Senate and President can request funding but can be denied by the House, all budgets to be made public upon being accepted by the House, no budget can be for a period of time longer than two years.



2          Approval by the President

Every Bill, not including budgets, which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the Union; If he approves he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

3          Presentation of Resolutions

Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be re-passed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.




SECTION 8  - Powers of Congress

1          Power to Tax and Spend

The Congress shall have the Power to lay and collect reasonable, Duties, Imposts and Excises, but will have no power to tax the income of individual Nationals of the several States in order to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States. Congress will also rely on funding to be provided by the several States as each will be assessed based on population;



2          Borrowing Power

This temporary privilege will be granted to Congress only when the Nation is operating under a declared Act of War which requires a two-thirds majority vote of the House and Senate; said privilege revoked immediately upon the peaceful declaration ending the conflict;

3          Commerce Power

To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and with the Indian Tribes;

4          Naturalization and Bankruptcies

To establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization to be administered by the several States, which shall include evidence that any person seeking naturalization be able to read, speak, write and communicate in American English, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;

5          Money

To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures; this power shall never be delegated.

6          Money

To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;

7          Post Office

To establish Post Offices and post Roads. 

8          Copyrights and Patent

To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;

9          Creating of Courts

To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;

10        Maritime Crimes

To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;

11        War; Military Establishment

To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

12        War; Military Establishment

To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;

13        War; Military Establishment

To provide and maintain Military Forces;

14        War; Military Establishment

To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land, air and naval Forces;

15        The Militia

To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

16        The Militia

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia only when under Declaration of War, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the Union, reserving to the States respectively authority over their Militia at all other times including the States Rights to the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia for defense of the State.

17        District of Columbia; Federal Property

To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Grant of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;




18        Necessary Clause

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the united States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. 


SECTION 9  - Powers Denied Government

                                                                       Re-numbered to delete 1. The importation of slaves

1          Habeas Corpus Suspension                                                                                                   2

The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

2          Bill of Attainder and Ex Post Facto Laws                                                                               3

No Legislative Act pronouncing guilt without trial or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

3          Taxes                                                                                                                                           4       

No Poll tax, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.

4          Duties on Exports from States                                                                                               5

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

5          Preference to Ports                                                                                                                6

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

6          Appropriations and Accounting of Public Money                                                                  7      

No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published annually.



7           Titles of Nobility; Presents                                                                                                   8

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.


SECTION 10  - Powers Denied to the States

1          Not to Make Treaties, Coin Money, Pass Ex Post Facto Laws, Impair Contracts

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; pass any Legislative Act pronouncing guilt without trial, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

2          Not to Levy Duties on Exports and Imports

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Control of the Congress.

3          Not to Lay Tonnage Duties, Keep Troops, Make Compacts, or Engage in War

No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.


            Article III (Article 3 - Executive)                                                                                 Article 2

SECTION 1  - The President

1          Powers and Term of the President

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.  He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows

2          Presidential Tenure                                                                                        Amendment 22   

No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

3          Election

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

4          Election                                                                                                          Amendment 12

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the united States, directed to the President of the Senate;—The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;—The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice.                     

The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President,                        Amendment 12   shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

5          Election

The Congress may determine the Time of choosing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

6          Election                                                                                                          Amendment 23 

The District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a state, but in no event more than the least populous state; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the states, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a state; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by Article III, Section I, Part 4.

7          Qualifications                                                                                                                       5

No Person except a natural born State National; defined as either a person born within the boundaries of a sovereign State of the union of at least one State National parent or the children of united States ambassadors or united States embassy State National support staff born abroad and the children of American Soldiers while stationed abroad or born to one or both State National parents in a foreign country, such child never claiming dual citizenship with a foreign nation once reaching the age of majority,  shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been twenty-five years a Resident within the united States.

8          Presidential Vacancy, Disability, and Inability                                6   Amendment 20, 25:1     

In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President elected.

Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the                   Amendment 25:2 President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the            Amendment 25:3 Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

 Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal                   Amendment 25:4 officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.

 9         Power of Congress in Presidential Succession                                              Amendment 20

The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.


10        Compensation and Emolument                                                                                              7

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.  All personal travel for leisure shall be at the personal expense of The President.  Any candidate seeking election to this office must make available to the Press and the public all of their personal history including; but not limited to, health records, birth records, education records, business records, personal tax records as well all business and personal associations. 

11        Oath of Office                                                                                                                        8

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the united States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the People’s Constitution for America.”


SECTION 2  - Powers and Duties of the President

1          Commander-in-Chief; Presidential Advisers

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the united States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the united States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

2           Treaties and Appointment of Officers

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Two Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the united States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

3          Vacancies during Recess of Senate

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.


SECTION 3  - Legislative, Diplomatic, and Law Enforcement

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn  them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that All Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the united States.

SECTION 4  - Impeachment

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the Federal Government, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.


                        Article IV (Article 4 - Judicial)                                                                         Article 3

SECTION 1  - Judicial Power, Courts, Judges

The judicial Power of the united States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices for a term not to exceed six years with a limit of two terms maximum, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.  All Nine supreme Court Justices will be elected as follows:

            Five nominated and elected by the House of Representatives installed to the bench with no other authority necessary; Two nominated and elected by the Senate that must also be approved by the House by a simple majority before being seated; Two nominated by the President that must be approved by both House and Senate by simple majority before serving.  Initially the Justices will be divided into three classes; the First Class will serve two years before facing re-election for a full six-year term or replacement; the Second Class will serve four years before facing re-election for a full six-year term or replacement; the Third Class will serve a full term before facing re-election to a second and final term or replacement; it follows that every two years one-third of the Justices will either be re-elected, replaced or termed out. 

All inferior Federal Judges will be nominated by the Senate and must be elected by the House of Representatives by simple majority.

SECTION 2  - Judicial Power and Jurisdiction

1          Cases and Controversies, Grants of Jurisdiction

The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the united States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;—to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls;—to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;—to Controversies to which the Federal Government shall be a Party;—to Controversies between two or more States; —between Nationals of different States, —between Nationals of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Nationals thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.

2          Suits Against States                                                                                       Amendment 11

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the united States by Nationals of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

3          Original and Appellate Jurisdiction; Exceptions and Regulations of Appellate Jurisdiction

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in                    2          which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

4          Trial by Jury                                                                                                                            3

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.


SECTION 3  - Treason

1          Definition and Limitations

Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

2          Punishment

The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.


                        Article V (Article 5 - States' Relations)                                                           Article 4

SECTION 1  - Full Faith and Credit

Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.


SECTION 2  - Interstate Comity

1          State Nationals: Privileges and Immunities

The Nationals of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Nationals in the several States.

2          Interstate Rendition

A human being charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

3           Involuntary Servitude                                                                        Modified Amendment 13

Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall not exist within the several States, or any territory or place subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Government.


SECTION 3  - Admission of New States to Union; Property of United State

1          Admission of New States to Union

New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned.  Once a State enters into the Union the Federal Government will, by Quit Claim Deed, surrender all land to the State within their boundaries.

2          Property of the United States

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the united States, or of any particular State.  All lands within the boundaries of the several States currently claimed or managed by the Federal Government shall be surrendered to the State by Quit Claim Deed.


SECTION 4  - Obligations of the Federal Government to States

The Federal Government shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.


            Article VI (Article 6 - Mode of Amendment or Nullification)                                               Article 5

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, which shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several States, or by Conventions in two-thirds thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year Two thousand and sixteen shall in any Manner affect the third Clause in the Ninth Section of the second Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.  Any State Legislative Body can propose an Amendment to this Constitution provided the ratification process described above is used in totality.  Furthermore, when two-thirds of the several State Legislative Bodies agree to nullify any Federal Law, Treaty, Trade Agreement or supreme Court Ruling, the object in question shall be nullified.

Article VII (Article 7 - Prior Debts, Public Debt, National Supremacy, Oaths of Office)       Article 6

1          Validity of Prior Debts

All Debts contracted and entered into, before the Adoption of this New Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the previous Constitution.

2          Disqualification and Public Debt                                                                  Amendment 14 

The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions shall not be questioned.

3          Supremacy of the Constitution, Laws and Treaties                                                              2

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding; but, limited to only those powers delegated to the Federal Government by the States listed within this Constitution.

4          Oath of Office                                                                                                                       3

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the Federal Government and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.



                        Article VIII (Article 8 - Ratification)                                                           Article 7

The Ratification of the Conventions or Legislators of thirty-four States, or two-thirds, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.  Ratification of this Compact will render null and void all previous Federal Laws, Agencies, Departments and previous Supreme Court decisions not listed in this Constitution.  All elected and appointed members of the Federal Government, elected or appointed before ratification of this Constitution, are removed from office.  Furthermore, any elected or appointed official that exceeded the term limits described in this new compact, in service under the previous constitution, are ineligible to serve.  Treaties made with Native American Indian Nations under the previous Constitution will be honored; all other Treaties must be reviewed, subject to renegotiation or rejection within two-years; all existing Trade Agreements entered into after the year 1991 are null and void.  American English will be established as our National Language with all Federal Publication available in same.


                        Defined Intent of Vocabulary

To ensure no doubt to future generations as to the exact meaning of the specific language used in the composition of this Constitutional Compact the following words are clearly defined as to the intent of their meaning used in this Document.

human being:  any flesh and blood human person. 

Person: a single human being, not a corporation. 

People: a collective of human beings. 

State:  a people permanently occupying a fixed area of land bound together into one body politic exercising, through the medium of an organized government, independent sovereignty and control over all persons and things within its physical boundaries. 

Several States: a collective of sovereign States. 

united States: (adj).  the collective of States entering into this Compact.

United States: (noun). The federal government acting on behalf of the united States.

National:  any human being born within the boundaries of a State of at least one parent that is a National.

Federal Government: n. The Executive, Judicial and Legislative branch of government which have limited delegated powers to represent the United States created by the several States by this Compact.

Union:  describes the compact of the united States.

Militia:  any National eighteen years or older physically and mentally able to participate in the defense of any or all of the several States or the Union.

well regulated:  a National having received training in the safe handling of a weapon.


The ONLY FORCE strong enough to accomplish these goals is the FULL STRENGTH of We the People united to regain control of our future and ensure Liberty is re-established for our children, grandchildren and millions yet unborn.  Please JOIN and give this effort YOUR ALL!!!

“To sit back hoping that someday, someway, someone will make things right, is to go on feeding the crocodile, hoping he will eat you last - but eat you he will.” Ronald Reagan

About The Author

                Ernest Lee is the father of 5, grandfather of 7.  He lists those as his 12 reasons for writing this booklet and everything he does to restore Liberty.  In his 60 years he has owned food establishments, bars, auto dealerships, a weekly newspaper and a radio station.   He has also been a performing musician, taught guitar and voice, hosted karaoke, worked on a farm, herded cows, broken horses, driven everything from hot cars to buses to big trucks to combines to tractors and bulldozers.  Ernest has held suit and tie jobs in big corporations and worked wearing t-shirt and jeans.  He has lived in the Southeast, Midwest and the Western States.  He has traveled the lower 48 States and Alaska in a big rig.

                For the last 8 years he has been an over-the-road truck driver, he says "part-time" covering over 3,000 miles per week.  He considers his full-time job to be working to restore our Constitutional Republic.  During the 1000 Mile March for Liberty in 2013 he parked his truck and walked from Bartlett, TN to Washington, D.C. because he says, "Somebody needed to DO something to start fixing this country."  Also in 2013 Ernest participated in the Truckers Ride for The Constitution and assisted veterans in removing the "barrycaids" that surrounded the World War II Memorial in D.C.  The veterans neatly stacked the returned "barrycaids" just outside the fence of the White House without violent incident or arrest.

                Ernest constantly helps to inform citizens of the problems in our nation while offering solutions during his travels, you can follow him on Twitter (Ernest Lee@uslrc) and more information can be found on the Facebook Pages:  Accountability WE Demand It, The Liberty Pledge, 1000 Mile March and The Mission Patriot Freedom USA.  Ernest invites you to 'Like' and 'Share' these pages.  He also has a YouTube channel.

                Ernest is available as a speaker for most gatherings of any size and charges no fees, yes, it is a free service.  To contact Ernest use email his address:

                 "All that is wrong, will not and cannot be addressed in this brief writing, but I pray that it is a good start."  Ernest Lee

“Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change a small portion of events.  It is from numberless diverse acts of courage and belief that human history is shaped. Each time a man stands up for an ideal, or acts to improve the lot of others, or strikes out against injustice, he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centers of energy and daring those ripples build a current which can sweep down the mightiest walls of oppression and resistance.”

 Robert Kennedy


“Do or Do Not, There is No Try”-Yoda


So you see, it’s all up to YOU.

Common Sense 2:  The Liberty Pledge 2.0

Ernest C. Lee, Jr. update June 2016

Copyright © Common Sense 2: The Liberty Pledge. All rights reserved.